Diesel Mechanic Tattoos 

Diesel Mechanic Tattoos

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In the true diesel engine, only air is initially introduced into the combustion chamber. The air is then compressed with a compression ratio typically between ... Read more 15:1 and 22:1 resulting in 40-bar (4. 0 MPa; 580 psi) pressure compared to 8 to 14 bars (0. 80 to 1. 40 MPa; 120 to 200 psi) in the petrol engine. This high compression causes the temperature of the air to rise to 550 Â°C (1,022 Â°F). At about the top of the compression stroke, fuel is injected directly into the compressed air in the combustion chamber. This may be into a (typically toroidal) void in the top of the piston or a pre-chamber depending upon the design of the engine. The fuel injector ensures that the fuel is broken down into small droplets, and that the fuel is distributed evenly. The heat of the compressed air vaporizes fuel from the surface of the droplets. The vapour is then ignited by the heat from the compressed air in the combustion chamber, the droplets continue to vaporise from their surfaces and burn, getting smaller, until all the fuel in the droplets has been burnt. Combustion occurs at a substantially constant pressure during the initial part of the power stroke. The start of vaporisation causes a delay before ignition and the characteristic diesel knocking sound as the vapour reaches ignition temperature and causes an abrupt increase in pressure above the piston (not shown on the P-V indicator diagram). When combustion is complete the combustion gases expand as the piston descends further; the high pressure in the cylinder drives the piston downward, supplying power to the crankshaft.

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